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Terra Pass

Terra Pass then takes the money you submit and invests it in projects that will reduce global warming

By Novella Carpenter

REMEMBER when your parents forced you to make your bed when you were a teenager? Me neither. I never had to, because my parents were hippies—maybe that's why I always hungered for rules and responsibilities. In many ways, driving a car automatically sets one up for incredible responsibilities. Drivers have to buy auto insurance, because they could veer out of control and cause bodily or property damage. Drivers pay taxes on fuel, and part of this money is spent on fixing the roads worn down by daily commuters.

But what about the environmental toll that cars rack up? The tons of carbon dioxide emitted, the oxides and sulfides and other nasty stuff? Currently, drivers get off scot-free for their emissions. But that doesn't mean they don't feel guilty about it. I talk to many people who look down in shame when recalling how much they drive. They explain how they need the car to get to work or to transport their children. But every time they drive, they tell me, they feel guilty. "The guilt surrounding cars is so strong," said Tom Arnold, chief environmental officer of Terra Pass, a new environmental company that seeks to assuage drivers' guilt. "The trick is to turn the guilt into a system that drives change." Excuse the pun.

Terra Pass is one such system. It acts by neutralizing your car's emissions impact with its membership program. In order to become a member, one must first calculate the carbon dioxide emitted from your car with the Terra Pass emissions calculator. From there, you are assigned a member level. If you drive a hybrid or a small, fuel-efficient car, you contribute the least amount of CO2, and pay only $29.95 per year for a membership; but a gas hog like a Suburban will run you $79.95 per year.

Terra Pass then takes the money you submit and invests it in projects that will reduce global warming. Terra Pass focuses on three types of projects—clean energy, industrial efficiency and greenhouse gas. This might mean that it trades carbon credits, supports green-energy production or funds methane-abatement projects. Members proudly display the modish Terra Pass sticker on their windshield—proof positive that at least they're trying to do the right thing. Much hailed in the media since the business began early this year, Terra Pass started as a project with the Wharton School of Business. It is now entirely web-based (www.terrapass.com), with a physical address in Menlo Park—deep in the heart of Silicon Valley, of course. "Guilt gets people's attention," Arnold said, "but we think of this as a fun way to do good as you drive."

Though it would be lovely to imagine SUV owners ponying up to their sins—and they should (SUVs pollute considerably more than passenger cars—according to the Sierra Club, a Ford Excursion emits 134 tons of CO² during its lifetime, while a Prius emits 32 tons), only 20 percent of Terra Pass customers drive SUVs. The remaining 80 percent drive passenger cars, with 13 percent of those being hybrid owners. (Quite a high number, considering that only 1 percent of the cars on the road are hybrids.)

So far, Terra Pass has only 1,850 customers, but Arnold feels confident that those numbers will grow. "Being nerds, we like to think of progress in logarithmic terms," Arnold explained. "Can you sell 100? We did that in nine days. Can you sell 1,000? We did that in early June." Terra Pass' goal is to sell 10,000 of the enviro-stickers by the end of the year.

When asked how they attract more and more customers, Arnold said that the key is their existing customers. "We've got an extremely passionate customer base," he said. "People want to spread the word about Terra Pass." One of their campaigns uses Halloween eCards to spread the word about Terra Pass. The best one features a futuristic city where a beater station wagon holding trick-or-treaters has been pulled over by a cop. "This baby internal combustion?" the cop asks. "Let me see your license, registration and proof of carbon offsets." It's really not that far-fetched.

No, I don't have one—yet.

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From the November 2-8, 2005 issue of Metro, Silicon Valley's Weekly Newspaper.

Copyright © 2005 Metro Publishing Inc. Metroactive is affiliated with the Boulevards Network.

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